Learning about the symptoms of kidney stones will help diagnose this illness early. And just like most medical conditions, early diagnosis leads to better management of the illness and better prognosis. Kidney stones occur in most people; you may have stones in your kidney or in your urinary bladder and show no symptoms at all. Usually, kidney stones become painful and show a host of symptoms when it is too late; the stone may have become too big to pass via the urine or it has dislodged somewhere in the kidney, ureter, urinary bladder or the urethra (especially in males) which causes terrible, unimaginable pain.
Learning about the signs of kidney stones early on will also help prevent grave complications like backflow of urine, infection of the kidneys or the bladder and massive destruction of the tissues and cells of the kidneys.
As mentioned, there is pain when the stone has grown very big (as big as a pea to as big as a golf ball). Pain is one of the subjective kidney stones symptoms that happen in all cases. Pain is described as sudden and excruciating and radiates from the lower back, the groin or from the abdomen. Usually this pain is so severe, it can wake you up at night and no matter how you take pain relievers or position your body the pain will never go away.
The pain in kidney stone cases could be so severe that it is also accompanied by nausea and vomiting. There are so many descriptions of kidney stone pain that it could be very difficult to diagnose; most complain of pain comparable to fractured or broken bones while some describe the pain as similar to giving birth. And while small to huge stones are the main culprits of this pain, there is also the appearance of fresh (red-colored) blood in the urine; this is due to the movement of the jagged pieces of stones from the kidney towards the bladder. The delicate walls of the ureter and the bladder become injured and bleed when sharp stones scrape and move about.
When kidney stones become large, they mostly cover or partially cover the exit of urine from the kidney or from the bladder to the urethra. This accumulation of urine leads to the overgrowth of bacteria and thus the development of infection. Moderate to high-grade fever and chills are thus other symptoms of kidney stones as a result of an infection of the kidney or the urinary bladder.
Men may show more symptoms of having kidney stones than women; men may complain of testicular pain, pain on the penis and pain on the groin. There is also a feeling of urinary urgency in both males and females and both may also complain of overall feeling of body malaise. If you have any of these signs and symptoms, then you need to consult your doctor right away. Remember that only through early diagnosis can you control the growth and formation of kidney stones.